The Current Variety of Electric Cars

www.informationautomotive.com - The future of vehicle electrification has arrived. For those who are interested in owning an electric car, you can choose one of the varieties offered in the market. Currently, there are four types of electric cars that are already mass produced. Let's get acquainted with all kinds of electric cars.

Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV)

battery electric vehicle
Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV)


As the name implies, battery-based electric vehicles. This type is commonly known as electric cars. Not a few people also call it a pure electric car. Bev uses batteries as the main power source to drive electric motors. No fuel or combustion process at all. So it is certainly environmentally friendly because it does not produce emissions. 

Battery energy is recharged through power lines like electronic devices that also use batteries. The most common type of battery used is lithium-ion. Battery technology in this battery-based electric car that then makes the banderol difficult to press. Therefore, the price of BEV electric cars is still relatively high.

Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV)

Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV)
Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV)


Hev is more commonly known or called a hybrid car. Uses two systems as the source of the drive. Conventional engines or fuel and electric motors. The electric motor's driving power source also uses batteries. But not as big as the BEV capacity. Conventional engines use fuel oil.

Although using batteries, hybrid cars do not need to be charged with electric plugs. Power will be charged automatically when the car moves using a conventional engine. Other energies such as the results of regenerative braking can also support battery recharging.

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)


This type of PHEV electric car combines BEV and HEV systems at once. Because it is hybrid, so it still carries a conventional engine, both as a source of drive and helps charge the battery.

The batteries used by PHEV are also large such as BEVs. To charge, it can plug in. Utilizing the engine with fuel oil to charge the battery can also. So that it is more flexible and can reach a longer distance.

With that function as well, a number of PHEV cars offer the ability to provide a power source. Like a large generator set that can continue to work as long as there is fuel oil.

Not just from charging the battery. PHEV drives from engines and electric motors can generally be used interchangeably or simultaneously (AWD/4WD).

Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV)

Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV)
Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV)


For the last type of electric vehicle is more unique. It doesn't use a conventional machine. It doesn't use batteries like the BEV. The power source is derived from the use of hydrogen.

If in FCEV, what is filled is hydrogen. While the fuel cell itself is a device similar to the battery in an electric car. It produces energy from chemical reactions, a combination of hydrogen and oxygen. It then produces energy and water. The energy will be stored by the module to be distributed throughout the car. While the water is discharged through the channel resembling exhaust.

The system on this FCEV is considered to solve the problem of charging the battery on the BEV. But FCEV technology is no less expensive than BEV. So that the population of FCEV vehicles in the world is not as much as electric and hybrid cars.

0 comments:

Post a Comment